There are several different types of bankruptcy. The one people most commonly think of is chapter 7 bankruptcy. It can be confusing to know which of the types of bankruptcy is appropriate in your situation. Here is some information on chapter 7 bankruptcy and whether it is right for you.
Chapter 7 bankruptcy is also referred to as liquidation bankruptcy. It will rid you of your outstanding debts, but the court may force you to liquidate some of your assets in order to satisfy your creditors. Chapter 7 bankruptcy will cost you about $299 between filing fees and paperwork, and will take between four and six months to be completed.
Chapter 7 bankruptcy typically only requires one visit to the courts. Most of the time you will be ordered to take a credit counseling course that is endorsed by the United States Trustee. Be aware that the laws concerning bankruptcy and the various types vary from state to state, so make sure you and your bankruptcy attorney are very familiar with the way bankruptcy law works in your state.
Not everyone is able to file for chapter 7 bankruptcy. If you have had a bankruptcy discharged in the last six to eight years, you may not be eligible to file a chapter 7 bankruptcy. The courts will also review whether you might be eligible to file a chapter 13 instead. This is a repayment plan instead of completely canceling the debt. This is based on things like your income, debt load, and expenses.
New rules dictate exactly what guidelines should be used when determining whether someone has enough income to repay their debts or not. If you are a disabled veteran and your debts were racked up during active duty or your financial burdens were due to a business loss, you are more likely to be able to file a chapter 7 bankruptcy.
Chapter 13 bankruptcy differs from chapter 7 bankruptcy quite a bit. Chapter 13 is a reorganization plan for people who want to pay off their debts over a period of three to five years. Usually the people who choose this option are ones who have assets that are not exempt under chapter 7 bankruptcy rules. People who choose chapter 13 must have enough income to cover their living expenses and enough left over to pay on their debts.
Chapter 11 bankruptcy is used primarily by large businesses to reorganize their debts and pay their creditors. The debtor must come up with a plan and get it approved by the creditors. If they cannot get it approved, they can try to force it through the courts anyway. However, the success rate of this type of bankruptcy can be as low as 10%. This is not a bankruptcy option for consumers.
Chapter 7 bankruptcy is most appropriate for those individuals who have overwhelming amounts of debt and do not have sufficient income to repay those debts. You can keep some assets, but some possessions may need to be sold to help pay back your debt. Once you file the papers, the courts will decide whether you are eligible for a chapter 7 bankruptcy or if a chapter 13 is feasible. It is a fairly quick process and will help end collections harassments.
For more insights and additional information about Chapter 7 Chapter 11 Chapter 13 Bankruptcy and to get a free bankruptcy evaluation from a bankruptcy lawyer local to you, please visit our web site at http://www.bankruptcy-data.com